Baker & O'Brien, Inc.

Experience

Experience

 

Case Attribute: EPC-related

Article
Ammonia Plant Insurance Dispute
Assisted in evaluating insurance claims asserted by a major ammonia manufacturer.  Work included evaluation of the technical basis for claims involving construction defects and warranty work amounting to $3 million.  Assisted in documenting claims, inspected the plant, evaluated project records, and reviewed maintenance records.  
EPC-related , Industry Practice/Standard of Care , Operations/Maintenance
Business Interruption
Performed an analysis of the schedule delay and financial impact from chemical plant downtime due to a major equipment fabrication error.
Business Interruption , EPC-related , Industry Practice/Standard of Care , Safety
Caustic Soda Contract Dispute
Reviewed caustic soda plant expansion and the ability of supplier to deliver the required volume of caustic soda under contract.  Advised on the reasonableness of the expansion construction schedule based on review of environmental permits, public data, and internal documents on construction activities.
EPC-related , Industry Practice/Standard of Care
Construction Dispute - Gas Plant
Provided expert reports and testimony regarding project management issues, alleged defects, and liquidated damages for international arbitration between owner and contractor.  The project involved an offshore platform, an undersea pipeline, an onshore pipeline, an onshore cryogenic gas processing plant, and a sales gas pipeline.
Arbitration , EPC-related , Expert Witness/Testimony , Gasification , Industry Practice/Standard of Care , Offshore , Pipeline
Construction Dispute - Petrochemicals Plant
Prepared a confidential "Cold Eyes Review" assessment concerning a contemplated claim between an owner and a contractor of a grassroots petrochemical facility.  Reviewed draft claims, researched evidence, and interviewed key personnel in order to produce an independent view of the claim.
EPC-related , Industry Practice/Standard of Care
Construction Dispute Litigation - Gas Plant
Assisted in a litigated dispute between Owner-Operator and Engineering & Construction Contractor over whether a cryogenic gas plant, as engineered, procured, and constructed, met the stipulated contractual performance guarantees; prepared expert witness rebuttal report with respect to relevant issues.
EPC-related , Expert Witness/Testimony , Gasification , Industry Practice/Standard of Care , Operations/Maintenance
Contractual Dispute
Performed a due diligence of owner allegations and contractor claims pertaining to a Lump Sum-Turn Key contract termination.  Reviewed documents, schedules, witness statements, and expert reports to advise counsel on implications of contracting strategy and contract management following award.
EPC-related , Expert Witness/Testimony , Industry Practice/Standard of Care
Damages from Steam Turbine Failure
Assisted in determining economic damages resulting from failures associated with a new steam turbine that was provided and installed by a turbine manufacturer at a power generation facility. Conducted independent assessment of economic losses suffered by electric cooperative as a result of both short-term and long-term performance shortfalls and outages.
Business Interruption , EPC-related , Industry Practice/Standard of Care , Operations/Maintenance , Pricing
Economic Damages Litigation - Plant Explosion
Retained concerning claims of design errors and failures in project management, following explosions and fires at a petrochemical plant.  Conducted in-depth reviews of engineering, procurement, and construction agreements; process technology and design basis; construction records; owner's operating procedures; and actual operating history since start-up of the plant.  Evaluated operating system provided against prevailing industry standards and examined potential for equipment failure.
EPC-related , Industry Practice/Standard of Care , Operations/Maintenance
Ethylene Plant Construction Litigation
Assisted in a dispute concerning allegations that poor engineering work product contributed to a >$100 million cost overrun.  Assisted with discovery, inspected plant, evaluated construction documents, analyzed the project critical path, and analyzed lost income due to delays in the project schedule.
EPC-related , Industry Practice/Standard of Care , Operations/Maintenance
FCCU Construction Litigation
Assisted a major engineering and construction firm in defending allegations that construction errors in the installation of an FCCU catalyst cooler resulted in a significant business interruption claim.  Assisted in discovery, analyzed FCCU operating data, reviewed refinery operating records, evaluated design issues, calculated property damages and business interruption losses, and provided expert testimony.
Business Interruption , EPC-related , Expert Witness/Testimony , Industry Practice/Standard of Care , Operations/Maintenance , Property Damage
Force Majeure Dispute
Provided expert report relating to a claimed force majeure event, due to defects in critical equipment that was required to be installed during a turnaround.  The correction to the defects then resulted in the late delivery of the equipment that extended a petrochemical plant turnaround.   
EPC-related , Industry Practice/Standard of Care , Operations/Maintenance
Formaldehyde Plant Construction Litigation
Assisted in a dispute concerning allegations that completion delays and poor plant performance at a European formaldehyde plant resulted in a multi-million dollar damage claim.  Assisted with discovery, inspected plant, evaluated plant operating records, reviewed construction contracts, valued the plant, and calculated damages.  Presented and defended conclusions at hearing.
Arbitration , EPC-related , Industry Practice/Standard of Care , Operations/Maintenance
Global Polyethylene Study
Conducted a global market analysis to determine export market potential for a proposed ethylene/polyethylene complex. The study encompassed development of global supply/demand balances and price forecasts, as well as an analysis of prospective competitors' process economics.
EPC-related , Pricing
Incident Analysis - Petrochemicals
Performed an investigation analysis following fire and explosion incidents at a major Gulf Coast manufacturing facility.  The engagement entailed development of the sequence of events, root cause analysis, assessment of the decision to rebuild, and reconstruction monitoring.  An independent project schedule and cost estimate for the plant reconstruction was developed.
Business Interruption , EPC-related , Industry Practice/Standard of Care , Operations/Maintenance , OSHA-related , Property Damage , Safety
Interstate Pipeline Inspection Practices
Provided expert testimony on inspection and maintenance practices for interstate petroleum products pipelines. Issues included reasonable depth of additional overfill and width of maintenance right-of-way.
EPC-related , Expert Witness/Testimony , Industry Practice/Standard of Care , Operations/Maintenance , Pipeline
Lender's Independent Engineer
Served as independent engineer for a "grassroots" olefins project.  Prepared the technical due diligence for a US$4 billion facility on behalf of international export credit agencies and onshore and offshore lenders.
EPC-related , Industry Practice/Standard of Care , Operations/Maintenance
M&A Dispute
Evaluated the foreseeability of project cost overruns that negatively impacted the economics of the acquisition of an EPC Firm.
EPC-related , Industry Practice/Standard of Care , Operations/Maintenance
Marine Terminal Development
Reviewed design requirements and monitored construction, start-up, and operation of a project to develop a bulk liquids terminal.  Work included review of dredging requirement, schedule, and interfaces between this project and a project to export ammonia from the terminal.
EPC-related , Industry Practice/Standard of Care , Operations/Maintenance , Waterborne/Marine
Natural Gas Production Facilities
Served as one of two project managers responsible for the engineering, procurement, and construction of a 200 million cubic feet per day natural gas recovery facility in central Algeria to provide the feedstock for a new liquefied natural gas (LNG) plant on the Algerian coast. At the time of installation, the $250-million project was the largest of its kind in the world. Conducted negotiations with local labor, equipment, and utility suppliers. Arranged meetings with local environmental agencies to ensure compliance with all national environmental rules and regulations.
EPC-related , Industry Practice/Standard of Care , LNG , Operations/Maintenance
Nitroparaffins Litigation
Assisted in a dispute between an operator and and EPC firm concerning allegations that the process design contributed to an explosion at a nitroparaffins manufacturing plant.  Assisted in discovery, evaluated design issues, and provided expert testimony.
EPC-related , Expert Witness/Testimony , Industry Practice/Standard of Care , Operations/Maintenance
Offshore Pipeline Failure
Following a business interruption claim concerning number of failures on a large subsea crude oil pipeline, examined original construction specifications, maintenance, inspection, and operation records of the pipeline.  Also reviewed the repair plans and repair execution of the failed components and made recommendations to include:  a) comprehensive metallurgical analyses; b) preparation of an efficient repair and execution schedule; and c) complete subsea modeling of the pipeline for the purpose of failure mode and time to failure predictions.    
EPC-related , Industry Practice/Standard of Care , Offshore , Operations/Maintenance , Pipeline
Offshore Pipeline Project
Served as Independent Engineer on behalf of a major financial institution for a $200 million project to build a deepwater gas and oil-gathering system. Prepared a valuation of offshore pipelines and an onshore gas processing plant for gathering and processing of deepwater Gulf of Mexico oil and gas production in support of structured finance. Certified completion of the project for financial purposes.
EPC-related , Industry Practice/Standard of Care , Offshore , Operations/Maintenance , Pipeline
Offshore Platform Design
Assessed design of elevated platform and ladders on a jack-up oil derrick which was under construction.  Compared design to industry standards.
EPC-related , Industry Practice/Standard of Care , Offshore
Paper Coating Plant Project Finance
Served as independent engineer on behalf of a major financial institution for the construction of a new $100 million paper coating plant. Prepared due diligence, assessed technology, evaluated project scope of work and schedule, reviewed engineering, procurement, and construction contracts, and advised bank with respect to mitigation of project risks.
Commercial Terms Review , EPC-related , Project Feasibility
Propane Product Quality Dispute
Investigated the design and operation of a natural gas liquid fractionation, storage, and loading facility located on the Red Sea to determine potential causes of alleged hydrogen sulfide contamination of propane cargoes.
EPC-related , Industry Practice/Standard of Care , Operations/Maintenance , Product Quality
Valuation of Pipelines and Gas Plant
Served as independent engineer on behalf of a major bank to value and certify completion of a project to build offshore pipelines and an onshore gas processing plant for gathering and processing of deepwater Gulf of Mexico oil and gas production. The valuation was prepared for the lender in support of $200 million of structured finance.
EPC-related , Offshore , Pipeline
Refinery Equipment Sales
Assisted the owner of a 60,000 BPD crude oil refinery in developing a marketing plan and finding potential customers for used process equipment. The assignment generated a sale of several major processing units to a local refiner for use in the manufacture of high-octane gasoline blending stocks.
EPC-related
Refinery Performance Test Evaluation
Investigated claims of poor performance of a $1 billion refinery project between a refiner and a major EPC contractor. Evaluated charge and yield, feedstock quality, and efficiency issues and assisted in documentation of response to claim.
EPC-related , Product Quality , Project Feasibility
Salt Water Disposal Tank Explosion
Investigated the cause and origin of a storage tank explosion at an oil and gas salt water disposal facility in Colorado. Conducted site investigation and facility/equipment inspections, evaluated system design and operation, and conducted witness interviews. Determined cause of explosion and worked with company management to evaluate existing policies and procedures for potential areas of improvement.
EPC-related , Industry Practice/Standard of Care , Operations/Maintenance , OSHA-related , Physical Asset Appraisal , Safety
Power Plant Construction Dispute
Provided expert report and oral testimony on roles and responsibilities of: (1)  an EPC contractor under a Lump Sum-Turn Key contract; (2) owners in awarding and managing such projects; and (3) the capabilities of owner's and contractor's project management teams.  The project involved provision of EPC services to retrofit selective catalytic reduction equipment to existing power generation units, as mandated by the regulatory authorities.
EPC-related , Expert Witness/Testimony
Refinery Feasibility Study
Performed a feasibility study for a small, skid-mounted refinery to be operated in Kurdistan to serve local markets. Reviewed contractor proposal regarding likely configuration, crude slate, capital costs, and yields.
EPC-related , Pricing , Project Feasibility
Power Project
Supported lenders in mezzanine financing for construction of a cogeneration plant in Western Siberia.  Advised as to the collateral value of certain equipment ordered for the project and evaluated the technical capabilities of the company to manage the project under long-term project financing.
EPC-related
Power Plant Construction Dispute
Provided advice on a construction dispute between owner and contractor regarding a project to upgrade and modify a power plant in the Caribbean, which had alleged defects related to the boiler heat recovery section, the desalination plant, seawater cooling piping, and instrumentation.
EPC-related
Piping Subcontractor Claim Evaluation
Evaluated claims for additional quantities of materials needed, due to owner caused delay and disruption on a specialty chemical plant project.  
EPC-related
Refinery Construction Dispute
Engaged to assess claims that poor EPC performance resulted in significant cost increases and schedule delays in the construction of a residue catalytic cracking unit.  Case centered around whether the prime contractor had fulfilled all of its obligations under the sub-contract and had taken all agreed steps to contain identified potential cost overruns and other factors impacting the schedule.  Prepared an expert report on the project and provided evidence at the hearing.
EPC-related , Expert Witness/Testimony
Refinery Reactivation and Upgrading
Worked on behalf of a major investment banking group to evaluate the plans of an independent refiner to upgrade and reactivate its 200,000 barrels per day refinery.  Conducted "due diligence" on the company's plans and specifications, evaluated likely economics, and assessed competitive forces in the marketplace.  Upon closing of the financial transaction, monitored the construction progress, schedule, and budget over a period of four years.  Reviewed all invoices for labor and materials and approved draw down of construction funds in accordance with the contractual agreements.
EPC-related , Project Feasibility
Polypropylene Manufacturing
Assisted in a dispute concerning insurance claims for property damage and business interruption in connection with a reactor incident during construction of a production facility.  
Business Interruption , EPC-related , Industry Practice/Standard of Care , Property Damage
Refinery Construction Dispute
Assisted law firm representing Russian refiner in dispute with U.S. engineering firm that provided a refinery for a location in Russia.  Ascertained construction status of units and reviewed issues in dispute regarding design basis, scope of work, and costs for a modular refinery constructed in the U.S.
EPC-related , Pricing , Project Feasibility
Refinery Force Majeure Claims
Prepared expert reports and testified in an international arbitration involving multiple product supply disputes between a refinery and an adjacent chemical plant. Reviewed force majeure claims related to catalytic cracking technology, product supply contracts, and utility supply interruptions.
Arbitration , EPC-related , Expert Witness/Testimony , Industry Practice/Standard of Care , Operations/Maintenance
Project Cost Overrun Dispute
For a large sour condensate stripper facility, evaluated a significant project cost increase over the original estimate, taking into account work scope changes, market escalation, the accuracy of the original estimate, and the impact of project delays.  An assessment was made of the reasonableness in each category and the likelihood of success with respect to cost recovery via litigation proceedings from a technical standpoint.  The project was designed and constructed during a period of rapidly escalating labor and material costs.
EPC-related
Gas Processing Metallurgy Replacement
Evaluated the reasonableness of a large project’s cost to replace the piping with a different metallurgy for a high-pressure, high-temperature sour gas reinjection facility in Central Asia.  Also opined on the industry knowledge of the proper metallurgy at the time of construction of the original facility.
EPC-related , Industry Practice/Standard of Care
Review Project Development Costs
Evaluated multi-million dollar cost overruns of yearly operating budgets of a Central Asian consortium involved with the oil and gas development and production. Costs reviewed included Engineering Support, Operating Costs, Drilling Costs, and Capital Expenditures.
EPC-related , Operations/Maintenance
Gas Plant Emergency Shutdown Design Analysis
To determine whether a system complied with key requirements, reviewed design of cryogenic gas plant emergency shutdown system in connection with a fire event to assess conformance with API RP 521 (Guide for Pressure Relieving and Depressuring Systems).  Provided affidavit of merit pursuant to Texas Civil Practice Section 150.002.
EPC-related , Expert Witness/Testimony
Oil Field Pipe Dispute-Insurance Claim
Reviewed a claim involving an insurance dispute relating to proper preservation of drilling pipe in a storage yard following a hurricane.
EPC-related , Industry Practice/Standard of Care
Refinery Construction Dispute
Evaluated dispute between a mechanical subcontractor and owner on a refinery expansion project in the Middle East. Evaluated issues related to delay and disruption caused by material delivery delays.
EPC-related
Refinery Contractor Indemnification Dispute
Provided expert opinion concerning an indemnification dispute between a refiner and contractor, as well as the standard of care and practice in the industry concerning the design and construction of a piping relief system.  Also opined on the refinery owner’s responsibilities concerning the acceptance and maintenance of completed piping systems.
EPC-related , Industry Practice/Standard of Care , Operations/Maintenance
Review Project Development Costs
Evaluated multi-million dollar cost overruns of yearly operating budgets of a Central Asian consortium involved with the oil and gas development and production. Costs reviewed included Engineering Support, Operating Costs, Drilling Costs, and Capital Expenditures.
EPC-related , Operations/Maintenance
Tube Sheet, Flare Tip Matter
Investigated the cause of tubesheet and flare tip damage related to an unplanned sudden shutdown of the facility.  Evaluated whether damage was caused by the shutdown, long-term wear, or contractor error during installation.  Provided expert support through mediation and settlement efforts.  
EPC-related , Industry Practice/Standard of Care , Operations/Maintenance
Biodiesel Plant Construction Dispute
Evaluated engineering and construction practices in a dispute between an owner and EPC contractor due to cost overruns.  Issues included engineering and project management practices which required rework, and construction practices which created safety and operability issues.  Cost estimates were prepared for correcting the deficiencies.
EPC-related , Industry Practice/Standard of Care
Gas Treating Facility Explosion Investigation
Investigated cause of system overpressure and shutdown of downstream pipelines which led to flange gasket failure and fire.  Reviewed system design, construction, and overpressure protection at wellheads located upstream to determine cause of failure.   
EPC-related , Industry Practice/Standard of Care , Pipeline , Safety
Review Infrastructure Assets
Assisted client in evaluating infrastructure spending to support ongoing operations and maintenance activities.  Our review evaluated whether  the infrastructure assets were integral to the overall technological complex.
EPC-related , Industry Practice/Standard of Care
Production Sharing Dispute
Reviewed amended field development plan with respect to a PSA dispute between government and operator consortium over a proposed multi-billion dollar increase in projected final costs. Prepared expert report, reply report, and provided oral testimony.
Arbitration , EPC-related , Expert Witness/Testimony
Horizontal Drilling Property Damage
Reviewed damage to private property (farmland) allegedly caused during the installation of an underground pipeline.  A portion of the pipeline was installed using the technique of horizontal directional drilling (HDD). 
EPC-related , Pipeline , Property Damage
Crude Oil Pipeline System Due Diligence
Supplemented the client's team performing due diligence as part of a potential transaction regarding a crude oil gathering and mainline pipeline system.  Our focus was on the engineering aspects of new facilities and facilities under construction.  We provided an opinion on whether the new facilities, and the facilities under construction, appeared to be designed to applicable industry specifications.
EPC-related , Operations/Maintenance , Pipeline
Project Management
Executed several mid-to-large pipeline and facility projects in multiple international locations, overcoming challenging cultural and language differences.  Performed feasibility studies, detailed design, procurement, construction, inspection, hydrotesting, risk assessments, and pipeline integrity.
EPC-related , LNG , Offshore , Pipeline , Project Feasibility
Independent Engineer for New Refinery in Egypt
Technical due diligence for financing of a 200,000 B/D merchant export refinery in Egypt. Our review included opinions on site selection, owner's development plan, supply agreements, offtake agreements, EPC Contracts, refinery unit technologies including sulfur recovery, 'over-the-fence' utility interface, crude oil supply and product export terminal facilities. Our review also included opinions on environmental compliance, licenses and permits, CAPEX, construction schedule, completion risk, OPEX and technical comment to the financial model .
Commercial Terms Review , EPC-related , Physical Asset Appraisal
Gas Plant Construction Dispute
Provided expert advice with respect to standard and customary practices of gas plant design and construction.
EPC-related
Engineering & Construction - Liquidated Damages Dispute
Reviewed claim relating to assessment of liquidated damages and inadequate delivery of Operating Manuals.
Commercial Terms Review , EPC-related
Refinery Construction Dispute and Arbitration
Following previous arbitrations regarding liability for change orders and delays associated with a refinery expansion/upgrade, Baker & O'Brien was engaged to estimate the "quantum" amounts associated with over 400 individual claims that had been addressed by the arbitration tribunal and its technical advisor.  We testified regarding our estimates at a final arbitration hearing.   
EPC-related
Hydrogen Pipeline Construction Cost Dispute
Assisted client in a dispute concerning settlement costs in regards to a canceled construction contract for a hydrogen pipeline. 
EPC-related , Pipeline
Coker Incident and Design Assessment
Reviewed project management procedures and facilities design of an oil refinery project after a subsequent structural failure.  Provided written report and oral deposition regarding design responsibility and failure liability.  
EPC-related , Operations/Maintenance
Undersea Pipeline Damage Repair Costs
Assisted client by providing opinion on reasonableness of claimed repair costs to an undersea pipeline damaged by a ships's anchor.
EPC-related , Offshore , Pipeline , Property Damage
Refinery Repair Costs Dispute
Provided expert assistance and a written report for a dispute concerning reasonable contractor repair costs for an oil refinery unit after it had been damaged by fire.
EPC-related , Property Damage
LNG Liquefaction Capital and Operating Costs
On behalf of a confidential client with a proposed world-scale LNG liquefaction plant, prepared high-level cost estimates for two phases of the project: 1) the engineering, procurement, and construction (EPC) phase and, 2) the operating phase.  Provided cost data for client’s financial model to help assess the risks and viability of the project.
EPC-related , LNG , Operations/Maintenance
Chemical Plant Fire Repair
Provided technical advice and consultation for recommended repair procedures for vessels and piping damaged in a chemical plant fire. 
EPC-related , Physical Asset Appraisal
Gas Plant Construction Dispute
Prepared expert report for AAA arbitration regarding alleged deficiencies by the EPC contractor relating to compliance with recognized and generally accepted good engineering practice (RAGAGEP) for adherence with OSHA requirements. Multiple issues, including control room safe location, electrical area classification, positive material identification, process hazard analysis, metallurgy selection, and building ventilation design were addressed.
EPC-related , OSHA-related
Flare Tower Design Review
Independently reviewed the design of two flare towers for an LNG onshore facility. Commented on the EPCM contractor's responsibilities to review the work product of subcontractors and vendors.
EPC-related , Industry Practice/Standard of Care , LNG
Crude Oil Pipeline System Due Diligence
On behalf of an investment group, provided technical and operational due diligence of an interstate (FERC regulated) crude oil pipeline system. Our focus included the review of asset integrity, design, system capacity, and operating costs of an existing asset and the design, project execution plan, schedule, cost estimate, and projected operating costs of a proposed pipeline.
Commercial Terms Review , EPC-related , Operations/Maintenance , Pipeline
Water Treatment/Injection Contract Dispute
Engaged to provide expert witness assistance with technical issues regarding water treatment facilities.  Reviewed project, maintenance and operational costs and schedules, in addition to the performance of the facilities.  Testified in an ICC arbitration hearing in New York conducted in Spanish/English.
Arbitration , EPC-related , Expert Witness/Testimony , Industry Practice/Standard of Care , Operations/Maintenance
Gas Plant Due Diligence
On behalf of a developer's due diligence process, provided an independent review of a gas plant project in the U.S.  Reviewed documents and consulted with the developer regarding the process design, engineering, major systems and equipment, procurement, construction, schedule and CAPEX. 
EPC-related , Industry Practice/Standard of Care
LNG Capital Cost Review
On behalf of potential offtakers and equity investors of one train, Baker & O’Brien performed a follow-up review of the updated Open Book Estimate (OBE) of a two-train liquefaction project, including common use of certain existing regasification facilities. 
EPC-related , LNG
Gas Plant Mediation Support
Provided mediation support in relation to a helium supply agreement dispute.  
EPC-related , Operations/Maintenance
Production Facility EPC Dispute
Reviewed and opined on different aspects of a dispute between the developer of an oil production facilities project and the EPC contractor.  Assessed variation/change orders for entitlement and reviewed claims of preferential engineering (versus functional design).   
Arbitration , EPC-related , Expert Witness/Testimony
Chemical Plant Construction Dispute
Provided expert report on construction dispute concerning prefabricated module manufacturing quality and cost overrun issues.
EPC-related
LNG Technical Advisor
Provided technical support regarding the FERC filing process, reviewed FEED study deliverables from contractors, and advised with regard to other contracts in support of the project, including geotechnical issues, noise survey, vapor dispersion, etc.  Also reviewed progression and risks involved in estimates of project CAPEX and OPEX.  
EPC-related , Project Feasibility
Gas Plant Construction Dispute
Prepared expert report and testified regarding alleged performance deficiencies of a general mechanical contractor performing a reimbursable construction project.  The project allegedly experienced poor productivity, resulting in cost overruns and schedule delays.  Assessed the different potential causes of alleged poor productivity, including project management, scope changes and weather impacts.
Arbitration , EPC-related , Expert Witness/Testimony , Industry Practice/Standard of Care
Fertilizer Complex Economic Model
Constructed an economic model to analyze the financial performance of a fertilizer complex that produced ammonia and other nitrogen chemicals.  Evaluated expected operations and financial performance subsequent to the completion of an ongoing capital expansion project.  
EPC-related , Operations/Maintenance , Project Feasibility
EPC Construction Dispute
Provided expert support in a construction dispute relating to a natural gas processing plant in North America.  The dispute primarily concerned engineering design issues and whether the installed facilities met contract, specification, and industrial standard requirements.
EPC-related , Expert Witness/Testimony , Industry Practice/Standard of Care , Operations/Maintenance
LPG Terminal
Lenders' Engineer review for development of an LPG terminal consisting of LPG tankage, gasoil tankage, loading facilities, and associated pipelines and equipment.  The facilities were planned to accommodate annual throughput volumes of 1,150,000 tons of LPG and 940,000 tons of gasoil, with minimum guaranteed volumes of 700,000 tons of LPG and 600,000 tons of gasoil with planned future facilities for increased throughput volumes, bunkering operations, and third-party storage.
EPC-related , Project Feasibility , Waterborne/Marine
GTL Technology Assessment
Provided a fatal flaw analysis, evaluated the technology application and integration, reviewed the cost estimate accuracy range, and assessed the financial model for a natural gas to wax proposed project.  Particular emphasis was placed on the ability to scale-up the process, the assumptions for plant capacity and availability, and the project schedule.
EPC-related , Intellectual Property , Operations/Maintenance , Project Feasibility
Insulation Works Dispute
Provided expert witness assistance with technical issues regarding the installation of insulation on an LNG facility.  Baker & O'Brien reviewed the technical issues, prepared an expert report, and testified regarding our opinions in an ICC Arbitration hearing.
Arbitration , EPC-related , Expert Witness/Testimony , Industry Practice/Standard of Care , LNG
Lender's Engineer - GTL Plant
Served as Independent Engineer on behalf of a major Australian bank for the construction of a GTL plant.  Prepared a technology assessment, analyzed feedstock supply, and reviewed contracts.  Inspected equipment and confirmed permits were in place prior to authorizing draw-down certificates.  Monitored construction progress, confirmed expenditures, and compared these expenditures against budget.
Commercial Terms Review , Environmental , EPC-related , Gas to Liquids , Operations/Maintenance
Pulp and Paper Mill Construction Dispute
Opined on engineering standard of care issues and issued an expert report for use in a dispute between the owner of a pulp and paper mill and an engineering firm as it related to a major turnaround project.
EPC-related , Expert Witness/Testimony , Industry Practice/Standard of Care
Floating Production Platform Dispute
Reviewed, opined, and prepared expert report regarding the project cost differences experienced during construction of the hull and integration of topsides for a semi-submersible platform, which was placed into service offshore of Brazil.  Our review included a change in the construction site, changes in construction strategy, and changes in the sequence of construction. 
Arbitration , EPC-related , Expert Witness/Testimony , Industry Practice/Standard of Care , Offshore
Refinery Construction Dispute
Assist client and provide expert consulting support assessing responsibilities of an EPC contractor, as well as project execution and start-up issues associated with the construction and start-up of a grassroots refinery. 
Arbitration , Business Interruption , EPC-related , Industry Practice/Standard of Care , Operations/Maintenance , Property Damage
GTL Facility Due Diligence
Performed due diligence for a company evaluating an equity investment in a GTL facility under construction.  Reviewed project budget and schedule for completion. Evaluated the amount of contingency included in the budget, confirmed the status of payments to contractors and other service providers; interviewed project representatives regarding mechanical completion and commissioning plans.
Environmental , EPC-related , Gas to Liquids , Operations/Maintenance
Construction Dispute - Gas Processing Plant
Dispute involving delay and disruption, welding, and testing during gas plant debottlenecking project.  Contractor claimed that multiple owner changes had resulted in significant additional costs, including delay.  Owner claimed that the costs resulting from the changes were previously paid and that the delay in completion was due to the contractor’s poor management of the project.
Arbitration , EPC-related , Intellectual Property
Acrylonitrile Plant Construction Dispute
Assisted in a dispute  between a major EPC firm and an owner concerning claims that the owner's interference with a lump-sum EPC contract resulted in a large cost overrun.  Assisted with discovery, evaluated construction documents, analyzed project disruption, evaluated change orders, and prepared trial exhibits. 
EPC-related , Expert Witness/Testimony